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Apple Mac keyboard shortcuts Mac users need to know

Cut, copy, paste, and other common shortcuts

Shortcut keysAction
Command-XCut the selected item and copy it to the Clipboard
Command-CCopy the selected item to the Clipboard. This also works for files in the Finder
Command-VPaste the contents of the Clipboard into the current document or app. This also works for files in the Finder
Command-ZUndo the previous command. You can then press Shift-Command-Z to Redo, reversing the undo command. In some apps, you can undo and redo multiple commands
Command-ASelect All items
Command-FFind items in a document or open a Find window
Command-GFind Again: Find the next occurrence of the item previously found. To find the previous occurrence, press Shift-Command-G
Command-HHide the windows of the front app. To view the front app but hide all other apps, press Option-Command-H
Command-MMinimize the front window to the Dock. To minimize all windows of the front app, press Option-Command-M
Command-OOpen the selected item, or open a dialog to select a file to open
Command-PPrint the current document
Command-SSave the current document
Command-TOpen a new tab
Command-WClose the front window. To close all windows of the app, press Option-Command-W
Option-Command-EscForce quit an app
Command–Space barShow or hide the Spotlight search field. To perform a Spotlight search from a Finder window, press Command–Option–Space bar
Control–Command–Space barShow the Character Viewer, from which you can choose emoji and other symbols
Control-Command-F Use the app in full screen, if supported by the app
Space barUse Quick Look to preview the selected item
Command-TabSwitch to the next most recently used app among your open apps
Shift-Command-5take a screenshot or make a screen recording
Shift-Command-3 take a screenshot or make a screen recording
Shift-Command-4take a screenshot or make a screen recording
Shift-Command-NCreate a new folder in the Finder
Command-Comma (,)Open preferences for the front app

Sleep, log out, and shut down shortcuts

Shortcut keysAction
Power buttonPress to turn on your Mac or wake it from sleep. Press and hold for 1.5 seconds to put your Mac to sleep.* Continue holding to force your Mac to turn off
Option–Command–Power buttonPut your Mac to sleep
Option–Command–Media EjectPut your Mac to sleep
Control–Shift–Power buttonPut your displays to sleep
Control–Shift–Media Eject Put your displays to sleep
Control–Power buttonDisplay a dialog asking whether you want to restart, sleep, or shut down
Control–Media EjectDisplay a dialog asking whether you want to restart, sleep, or shut down
Control–Command–Power buttonForce your Mac to restart, without prompting to save any open and unsaved documents
Control–Command–Media Eject Quit all apps, then restart your Mac
Control–Option–Command–Power buttonQuit all apps, then shut down your Mac
Control–Option–Command–Media EjectQuit all apps, then shut down your Mac
Control-Command-Q Immediately lock your screen
Shift-Command-QLog out of your macOS user account
Option-Shift-Command-Qlog out immediately of your macOS user account

Finder and system shortcuts

Shortcut keysAction
Command-DDuplicate the selected files
Command-EEject the selected disk or volume
Command-FStart a Spotlight search in the Finder window
Command-IShow the Get Info window for a selected file
Command-RShow the original file for the selected alias
Command-RRefresh or reload the page
Command-RCheck for software updates again
Shift-Command-COpen the Computer window
Shift-Command-DOpen the desktop folder
Shift-Command-FOpen the Recents window, showing all of the files you viewed or changed recently
Shift-Command-GOpen a Go to Folder window
Shift-Command-HOpen the Home folder of the current macOS user account
Shift-Command-IOpen iCloud Drive
Shift-Command-KOpen the Network window
Option-Command-LOpen the Downloads folder
Shift-Command-NCreate a new folder
Shift-Command-OOpen the Documents folder
Shift-Command-PShow or hide the Preview pane in Finder windows
Shift-Command-ROpen the AirDrop window
Shift-Command-TShow or hide the tab bar in Finder windows
Control-Shift-Command-TAdd selected Finder item to the Dock (OS X Mavericks or later)
Shift-Command-UOpen the Utilities folder
Option-Command-DShow or hide the Dock
Control-Command-TAdd the selected item to the sidebar (OS X Mavericks or later)
Option-Command-PHide or show the path bar in Finder windows
Option-Command-SHide or show the Sidebar in Finder windows
Command–Slash (/)Hide or show the status bar in Finder windows
Command-JShow View Options
Command-KOpen the Connect to Server window
Control-Command-AMake an alias of the selected item
Command-NOpen a new Finder window
Option-Command-NCreate a new Smart Folder
Command-TShow or hide the tab bar when a single tab is open in the current Finder window
Option-Command-TShow or hide the toolbar when a single tab is open in the current Finder window
Option-Command-VMove the files in the Clipboard from their original location to the current location
Command-YUse Quick Look to preview the selected files
Option-Command-YView a Quick Look slideshow of the selected files
Command-1View the items in the Finder window as icons
Command-2View the items in a Finder window as a list
Command-3View the items in a Finder window in columns
Command-4View the items in a Finder window in a gallery
Command–Left Bracket ([)Go to the previous folder.
Command–Right Bracket (])Go to the next folder
Command–Up ArrowOpen the folder that contains the current folder
Command–Control–Up ArrowOpen the folder that contains the current folder in a new window
Command–Down ArrowOpen the selected item
Right ArrowOpen the selected folder
Left ArrowClose the selected folder
Command-DeleteMove the selected item to the Trash
Shift-Command-DeleteEmpty the Trash
Option-Shift-Command-DeleteEmpty the Trash without confirmation dialog
Command–Brightness DownTurn video mirroring on or off when your Mac is connected to more than one display
Option–Brightness UpOpen Displays preferences
Control–Brightness UpChange the brightness of your external display
Control–Brightness DownChange the brightness of your external display
Option–Shift–Brightness UpAdjust the display brightness in smaller steps
Option–Shift–Brightness DownAdjust the display brightness in smaller steps
Option–Mission ControlOpen Mission Control preferences
Command–Mission ControlShow the desktop
Control–Down ArrowShow all windows of the front app
Option–Volume UpOpen Sound preferences
Option–Shift–Volume UpAdjust the sound volume in smaller steps
Option–Shift–Volume DownAdjust the sound volume in smaller steps
Option–Keyboard Brightness UpOpen Keyboard preferences
Option–Shift–Keyboard Brightness UpAdjust the keyboard brightness in smaller steps
Option–Shift–Keyboard Brightness DownAdjust the keyboard brightness in smaller steps
Option key while double-clickingOpen the item in a separate window, then close the original window.
Command key while double-clickingOpen a folder in a separate tab or window
Command key while dragging to another volumeMove the dragged item to the other volume, instead of copying it
Option key while draggingCopy the dragged item
Option-Command while draggingMake an alias of the dragged item
Option-click a disclosure triangleOpen all folders within the selected folder
Command-click a window titleSee the folders that contain the current folder